Gum disease is one of the most common issues a periodontics deals with. Also known as periodontal disease, it is caused by the bacteria in plaque and tartar making their way beneath the gum line. Plaque is the sticky film that builds up on teeth after meals. Bacteria in the mouth make it, and it…
Wisdom Tooth Extraction and Why It Is Necessary
Wisdom tooth extraction is a procedure that involves removing one or more wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth are the four permanent adult teeth that are located at the back corners of your mouth on the bottom and top. These teeth are the third and final set of molars that people often get in their late teens and early 20s. But these teeth may need to be removed based on a dentist’s recommendations.
Wisdom tooth extraction
Wisdom teeth are so far back in the mouth and sometimes do not come in naturally. Wisdom teeth can lead to many problems if there is not adequate space for them to surface or even if they do not come in the right position. Dentists often say wisdom teeth are impacted if they are trapped under the gums or in the jawbone. When it comes to wisdom tooth extraction, here are some of the signs that a dentist will look out for and the reasons why removal may be necessary.
A dentist will monitor the mouth for wisdom teeth that are not in the correct position. This can allow food to be trapped and it gives cavity-causing bacteria a place to grow. Wisdom teeth that have not come in properly may make it hard for a person to floss between them and the molars next to them. Sometimes wisdom teeth that do not have room to come through, crowd or damage neighboring teeth.
An impacted wisdom tooth can form a cyst near or on the impacted tooth. This can damage the roots of nearby teeth or even the bone that supports it. Wisdom teeth that have only partially come through provide bacteria with a place to enter the gums and this ends up creating a place for infection to occur. This may also result in swelling, pain and stiffness in the jaw.
Reasons for removal
Every case is different, but wisdom teeth are usually extracted when there is evidence of changes in the mouth. Some include cysts, infection, pain, gum disease, tumors, damage to the neighboring teeth and tooth decay. A dentist may recommend the removal of wisdom teeth that come in at the wrong angle because these teeth may press against the other teeth. A dentist may also recommend wisdom tooth extraction as part of treatment for braces or some other dental care.
Sometimes a patient’s mouth may not be big enough, meaning that the jaw will not have room for an extra set of molars. In such a case, wisdom teeth may be taken out to solve the problem. If a patient has cavities or gum disease, it can also cause problems. A patient may not be able to reach the teeth with dental floss or a toothbrush.
Contact your dentist
Wisdom teeth that are not extracted should continue being monitored because they can develop problems later on. The risk for health problems increases as people age and this includes potential problems with the wisdom teeth. You should always follow a good daily oral health routine to ensure your teeth are healthy and strong. Visiting your dentist regularly is also important. Regular visits will allow your dentist to evaluate and monitor your wisdom teeth.
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