Why Did My Oral and Facial Surgeon Recommend Bone Grafting?

Bone Grafting Lubbock, TX

Bone grafting is important to restore lost or damaged bone in the jaw. Whether a tooth is lost to infection, gum disease, or the extraction process, an oral and facial surgeon may recommend a bone graft to repair and rebuild the damaged bone.

Bone regrowth is only one of the human body's astonishing powers, and procedures like bone grafts make this possible. Bone grafts are placed in areas of the body that have suffered bone loss or degeneration in order to stimulate the body's own bone regeneration process. Healthy bone regeneration is necessary to preserve facial features and preserve existing teeth. Otherwise, nearby teeth may eventually loosen and fall out, which may result in future complications.

Who needs a bone graft?

Dentists use dental bone grafting to help regenerate the jawbone in instances of severe bone loss or degeneration. After carefully inserting grafted bone in the affected region, the oral surgeon will place a barrier for protection to ensure that the wound heals completely and effectively. The following are cases where an oral and facial surgeon may suggest undergoing a bone graft procedure:

Dental implant placement

After a tooth is lost, 25 percent of the bone volume is lost within the first year. Failure to restore the lost tooth for a long time means the jawbone may not be adequate to support a dental implant for tooth replacement. It is impossible to reverse bone loss, which means a bone graft is an alternative. Although bone grafting is sometimes vital to obtain functional and aesthetic results with dental implants, the recommendation will only come after careful evaluation. The surgeon will consider the bone's width, height, and depth required to place the implant successfully.

Periodontal disease

Gum diseases such as periodontitis can cause the bone to deteriorate and may result in tooth loss. Without treatment, the bacteria in the infection may gradually deplete the jawbone and gum tissues connecting the teeth to the bone. After gum disease treatment, the surgeon will suggest a bone grafting procedure to restore lost bone.

Dental trauma

Injuries or blunt trauma to the jaw following an accident can cause significant bone loss or damage that will require repair or restoration. Constant teeth grinding and clenching can also cause excessive deterioration of the bone tissues supporting a tooth. Constant grinding can cause a tooth to fracture or crack. Also, a bone grafting procedure may be necessary if a tooth is forcefully knocked out during a fall or accident.

Types of bone grafting procedures

Depending on the situation, the oral surgeon may propose one of multiple different bone grafting operations, including:

Sinus lift: In cases when the upper jaw lacks sufficient bone and there is not enough space between the sinuses and the jaw, this procedure may be necessary. A bone graft is placed on the sinus floor after raising the sinus membrane at the back of the upper jaw.

Ridge augmentation: This involves rebuilding bone height in the region where dental implants will be inserted. If required, the ridge's breadth or thickness may be expanded. Dental implants are placed in a patient's mouth after a ridge augmentation procedure is completed.

Socket bone preservation: In this procedure, a bone graft is implanted at the extraction site to preserve the required bone volume for future implant implantation. The oral surgeon may recommend socket bone grafting to improve the predictability of bone growth in advance of dental implant treatments.

How bone grafts help improve the smile's appearance

If a bone lacks volume (for instance, the bone under the gum tissue and over the upper front teeth), it declines a lot faster and the effects are visible. When several anterior teeth are lost, the bone depletion can collapse the lip, which will adversely affect the facial structure.

Over the years, oral surgeons have successfully performed bone grafting to improve aesthetics on the front side of the oral cavity. With advanced bone grafting techniques, oral surgeons can increase, repair, or replace bone around the oral cavity and successfully provide dental implants for patients with severe bone loss. During the grafting procedure, they can correct bone defects to achieve better cosmetic results and form attractive facial contours and tissue support.

Final note

Bone loss may be a result of different situations, but one fact is certain: bone grafting can be an excellent option for repairing and building the jawbone, whether for facial aesthetics or dental implants. To learn more about the procedure and to determine if it is needed, contact an oral surgeon for a consultation.

Request an appointment here: https://highplainsperio.com or call High Plains Periodontics And Implant Dentistry at (806) 686-1262 for an appointment in our Lubbock office.

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