Gum grafting is a surgical procedure performed to correct the effects of gum recession. It is also used in cosmetic dentistry to improve the appearance of the gums.The procedure is quick and relatively simple. It involves the surgeon removing healthy gum tissue from the roof of the mouth to rebuild the gums where they have…
What to Expect During a Bone Grafting Procedure
Bone grafting is not a process a lot of people have to go through in life. If you are experiencing jawbone loss, this may be a necessary step to restoring your dental health. It can be a daunting prospect to undergo this operation. This is why you should find out everything you can about what occurs before, during and after the process. That way, you can feel more comfortable when it is time to visit the dentist.
People who need bone grafting
Though bone grafting might not be as common as root canals, crowns and other restorative dental care, patients can benefit from it. It is necessary when a person has extensive periodontal disease. In this case, bacteria in the gums begin to eat away at the jawbone. Also, people who have lost teeth can also have bone loss. This means there is no longer enough bone structure to support other teeth or even artificial implants. Poor oral health and accidents can cause teeth to fall out.
A person’s general dentist may be the first professional to suggest the need for bone grafting. The dentist will take X-rays and do an examination to determine the extent of the damage. The dentist will likely refer the patient to a periodontist, who has focused training on gum care and related diseases. The periodontist will then explain the bone grafting process and how it will restore bone growth in the patient’s jaw.
Bone grafting is an invasive operation, so the periodontist will numb the patient’s mouth with a local anesthetic. To grow more jawbone, the dentist will cut into the person’s jaw, folding it back to expose any bacteria underneath. The dentist cleans it out and removes calculus and other materials.
Placing the graft
The dentist may use different types of materials for bone grafting. If there is enough bone in other parts of the jaw, the dentist will use this, which is known as an autograft. If bone from the jaw is not available, the dentist can use bone from the patient’s hip or somewhere else in the body. Sometimes, someone else will donate bone to use for the graft. The dentist may also turn to something called an alloplast. This is an artificial bone from synthetic material. Animal bones, such as those from cows, can be used too.
Over the coming weeks and months, there should be both bone growth and tissue regeneration. The dentist may encourage new tissue growth by using growth-factor proteins in the surgery. Once there is enough growth, it will replace the graft.
Feel comfortable about your bone grafting procedure
Going in for bone grafting surgery can be scary, but you can have the comfort to know that it can be effective. This extensive surgery allows you to retain complete function of your teeth and mouth. Your periodontist has the knowledge and training you can feel good about to restore your gums and jawbone. Find a dentist near you and make an appointment to discuss the next steps toward getting this operation.
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