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Oral Surgery FAQ: 3 Common Oral Surgery Procedures
Although the notion of undergoing oral surgery may cause anxiety in some patients, the benefits of this effective procedure can last a lifetime. With innovative techniques, the dental surgery process has become easier for patients than ever. Of all the surgical procedures performed on the oral cavity, tooth extractions, dental implants and corrective surgery stand out as the most common treatments performed today,
Frequent oral surgery treatments
Oral surgeons use their expertise for a range of dental issues that may result from tooth decay, gum infections or unexpected trauma. Although some procedures are very specialized, the majority of oral surgeries fall into three main categories.
The process of removing a loose tooth is simple. However, not all tooth extractions are quite that easy. Removing the teeth may sometimes require the more invasive procedure of oral surgery. The dentist will try to save the natural teeth if possible, but when certain conditions arise, immediate removal through oral surgery may be necessary. Such circumstances include tooth impaction, severely broken teeth, misaligned teeth, bleeding gums and decay below the gum line.
If the tooth is positioned incorrectly, extremely hard to reach, damaged beyond repair or nonfunctional, the oral surgeon will remove bone and gum tissue around the tooth to expose it for extraction. Impacted or problematic wisdom teeth also require surgical extraction. A dentist may sometimes recommend surgical tooth extraction as part of orthodontic treatment to remove crowded teeth and obtain better alignment.
Dental implants are currently the most common and preferred option for restoring lost teeth. However, the process requires undergoing oral surgery to insert the implant post into the jawbone to replace the natural tooth roots. Afterward, the dentist places an abutment on the implant, and the new crown or denture restoration sits over this. The implant itself is embedded inside the jawbone and remains invisible. The complete restoration appears and functions just like the rest of the natural teeth.
The dental implant surgery is simple, and recovery is short. This means patients can return to their usual routine while the bone heals.
Corrective jaw surgery
Also known as orthognathic reconstructive surgery, corrective jaw surgery addresses jaw misalignments to restore normal chewing, speaking and breathing. Jaw surgery usually entails reconstruction and realignment of both parts of the jaw to enhance functionality. Corrective jaw surgery also remedies dysfunction and bite problems caused by facial trauma, auto accidents or congenital disabilities.
The objective of jaw surgery is to align the lower and upper jaws correctly. This can remarkably improve the patient’s facial appearance and aesthetic features. Individuals who have had difficulty with eating or speech no longer suffer pain or awkwardness. The jawline also becomes more balanced and functional.
Sometimes, this type of surgery is done as part of orthodontic treatment. Jaw surgery can also successfully treat temporomandibular joint and muscle disorder, or TMJ, in the jaw.
Due to the nature of oral surgery procedures, visit a qualified and experienced general dentist for a professional consultation. The dentist can identify the problem and recommend the appropriate treatment procedure.
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