Oral Pathology: Common Oral Diseases

Oral Pathology Lubbock, TX

Oral pathology is a branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating the many diseases that can develop in the mouth. Failing to diagnose many of these issues, like gum disease or tooth decay, can lead to problems like the loss of natural teeth. For example, gum disease is one of the most common issues that dentists deal with, and it is responsible for most cases of tooth loss.

The common diseases that oral pathology deals with

Many issues that oral pathology covers, like gum disease, are caused by not taking proper care of the mouth, but genetic factors can cause others, like a cleft lip.

Diagnosing oral diseases early on gives patients more options when it comes to treating them. Biannual dental checkups are essential because it gives dentists a chance to assess their patients’ oral health so they can offer appropriate preventative and restorative treatments. Oral pathologies that dentists often deal with include the following.

Torus mandibularis

This is a condition that is believed to be caused mainly by genetic factors. It manifests as an abnormal bony growth that develops on a person’s lower jaw. Identical twins are the most likely people to be diagnosed with this condition, with about 94% having it, and fraternal twins come in second at 79%.

Cleft lip and palate

This is a condition that some people are born with. It can occur as part of a syndrome or a genetic condition. Oral surgery can typically be performed to correct the defect with minimal scarring. People with a cleft lip or palate are more likely to have difficulty speaking.

Stafne defect

This is a rare defect of the jawbone that manifests as asymptomatic radiolucency. It is typically unintentionally detected when a panoramic radiograph is performed.


This is an infection of gum tissues in the mouth that destroys bone structures and tissue structures that hold teeth in place. It is a chronic condition that can only be managed with dental treatment, and it increases a person’s risk of developing severe health issues like diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Herpes simplex 1

This is a viral infection that typically leads to cold sores or fever blisters forming on a person’s mouth. It is a condition that affects about 70% of people.


This is the first stage of gum disease, and it can be reversed by improving oral hygiene and teeth cleanings. Common symptoms of gingivitis include receding gums, purplish gums, and gums that bleed when stimulated.

Oral cancer

Oral cancers are cancers that develop in the mouth areas. A dentist can diagnose it during a routine checkup. Oral cancer is a treatable condition when diagnosed and treated early, but it can be life-threatening when allowed to progress.

Take control of your oral health

Some oral diseases can be prevented by taking good care of your mouth and living a healthy lifestyle, but genetics can cause others. Regardless of the cause of your oral problem, our dentist can help you get past it. Give us a call or stop by our Lubbock clinic to set up an appointment with our dentist.

Request an appointment here: https://highplainsperio.com or call High Plains Periodontics And Implant Dentistry at (806) 686-1262 for an appointment in our Lubbock office.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Oral Pathology in Lubbock, TX.

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