When your gums are healthy, they should fit snugly around each tooth. The distance between the gum tissue and its attachment to the tooth in a healthy smile will measure only one to three millimeters in depth. In a smile affected by gum disease, periodontal pockets can form between the teeth and gums. Left untreated, these pockets can grow in depth and eventually lead to tooth loss. Dealing with periodontal pockets can mean different things depending on the depth of the pockets. In some cases, pocket reduction surgery may be required to close the pockets and prevent a worsening of the situation.
How Do Pockets Form?
Inflammation and swelling of your gum tissue caused plaque and tartar can cause your gums to start pulling away from the teeth. As the tissue continues to pull away, it creates a perfect venue for more plaque and tartar to hide. A bigger buildup of harmful plaque and tartar cause the pocket to deepen. As the pockets become deeper, it creates a bigger space for plaque and tartar while also giving the harmful agents full access to the roots of your teeth. Caught early enough, a scaling and root planing may be able to remove the harmful bacteria and allow for the tissue to heal.
Reducing the Pockets With Surgery
If the pockets are not dealt with, they can grow in size and leave your tooth roots exposed to bacteria. This can leave your teeth at risk for loss. If your pockets are too deep to deal with with a cleaning, pocket reduction surgery may be recommended. In some cases, the damaged bone may need to also be addressed to allow for the gum tissue to reattach to healthy bone. In any situation, the area will need to be disinfected to eliminate bacteria in an effort to prevent further complications. Reduced pockets (combined with daily oral hygiene and periodontal maintenance care) can help you keep your mouth healthy and reduce the risks associated with gum disease.
Reducing periodontal pockets can protect your smile
Dr. Everett can help you reduce your periodontal pockets. To schedule a consultation at High Plains Periodontics, email email@example.com or call 806-686-1262. Dr. Everett’s office serves the residents of Lubbock, TX, and surrounding West Texas communities.