Your gingival tissue known as your gums, are attached to the necks of your teeth. The attachment should be snug to help keep the teeth in place. Healthy gum tissue is pink and firm. Dentists can measure the distance between your gum tissue and the attachment to your teeth, which is referred to as the periodontal pockets. The measurement should only be one to three millimeters in depth for healthy gums. Once your periodontal pockets become deeper than that healthy amount, it could be a sign that you are developing gum disease. The pockets can deepen causing your gingival tissue to loose, which will eventually lead to tooth loss.
A Buildup of Plaque and Tartar
Brushing and flossing your teeth removes harmful plaque and tartar which can lead to tooth decay and gingivitis. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is caused by the toxins produced by bacterial plaque creating inflammation of the gum tissue. Inflammation and swelling of the gum tissue can cause receding gums, which is when the gums pull away from your teeth creating pockets. Periodontal pockets attract more bacterial plaque and tartar, which creates a worsening problem.
As stated above, healthy periodontal pockets measure between one and three millimeters. Measurements of four or more millimeters could be a sign of the development of gum disease. Severe periodontal disease is defined by having at least two teeth with a pocket measurements of six millimeters or more, and at least one tooth that has a five-millimeter measurement. Other warning signs of gum disease could include red, painful, or swollen gums, bad breath, or bleeding of the gums.
Talk to Dr. Everett if you think you have deep perio pockets
Deep periodontal pockets can be a sign of gum disease. To learn more, schedule a consultation by calling High Plains Periodontics and Implant Dentistry in Lubbock, TX, today at 806-686-1262.